Periodontitis Advanced Gingivitis
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Periodontitis Advanced Gingivitis

Published by: RajeshKumar (55)
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The periodontitis are actually the advanced gingivitis. During this disease, inflammation is originally located at the gum gradually expanding to other underlying structures supporting the teeth. Periodontitis is the condition that represents the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.

Gingivitis to periodontitis
Initially, only the gums are affected: they are red, swollen and painful and bleed easily when brushing. Good oral hygiene and treatment can usually deal with them. Otherwise, the gingivitis keeps growing and extends to the surrounding tissues, eroding the alveolar bone that holds the tooth in place. This erosion then destroys the ligaments Dentoalveolar and makes tooth mobile.

What the periodontium is exactly?
The periodontium is the set of tissues supporting the teeth, without which the tooth falls: the bone of the jaw, connective tissue and gum. You need to end up taking off your shoes for fall or requires tooth extraction. For example, the Periodontitis is the leading cause of lost teeth in adults!

What is the origin of periodontitis?
This is most often the poor oral hygiene that promotes plaque formation and dental tartar buildup. This plate consists of substances containing adherent bacteria, saliva and food debris. It forms on the inner side of teeth and hardens with time if not removed by brushing. The plate form pockets between the teeth and gums that irritate eventually infect the gums. The gum comes off, leaving the possibility to the plate to spread more deeply to the roots and then reaching the bone. Over time, this plaque eventually destroys the supporting bone of the tooth, resulting in mobility tooth and as a treatment tooth replacement or the extraction may also be required.

What are the symptoms of periodontitis?
While gingivitis is characterized by the gums red, swollen and painful and bleeds easily while brushing. The periodontitis causes bleeding and bad breath. Pus can be free of periodontal pockets.

Treatment
The dentist performs a thorough and deep scaling and polishing to prevent the plate to re-join on the tooth surfaces. It also cleans the gingival pockets. If they are very deep, surgery is required. Antibiotics are prescribed as well as baths of mouth antiseptics.

Who is at risk periodontitis?
At equivalent amount of tartar, the speed of development of periodontitis varies from one person to another depending on the type of oral bacteria and developed immunity against these bacteria.
But many diseases and metabolic disorders predispose to periodontitis, such as type 2 diabetes, Crohn’s disease, leukopenia, trisomy 21 and AIDS.

And above all, except oral hygiene may promote the occurrence of periodontitis such as a poor position of the jaws, a misaligned teeth, a bridge, crown or ill-fitting braces, weakness of the fabric connective support, development of diabetes, certain medications (birth control pills, corticosteroids), hormonal changes during pregnancy or puberty, smoking, teeth grinding, a vitamin deficiency and a diet high in sugar or in starch etc.
Brushing too energetic and aggressive use of dental floss can also promote infection.

Periodontitis to heart attack
Please note that the periodontitis, an inflammatory process may also be a cause of heart disease. Thus people with severe periodontal disorders also have more heart problems.

RajeshKumar - About the Author:

Choosing a dental clinic in India for periodontal treatment such as tooth replacement, scaling & polishing and tooth extraction is the suggestion by the author.

Source: http://articleswrap.com/article/periodontitis-advanced-gingivitis.html
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