The Basketball Activity In China
It was in the year of 1895 that China had formed a tightly bound to the basketball. All over the route of about 110 years, basketball activity had had a well mixture with Chinese culture. Basketball has done grand benefits to Chinese people, like the promotion of physical condition and the advance of sports career. We all be aware that basketball was initially invented in America. And definitely due to different temper of different peoples, the basketball activity in China and that in America will go through a different path. The distinct surroundings in China has huge effect on the introduction and advance of basketball movement. Let us have a review of its source.
In 1840, the Opium War was triggered by the Great Britan. In face of the mighty and highly developed western culture, the conventional Chinese culture had fell apart. It was just under the environment that the modern sports was brought in China. In 1895, the basketball activity was brought in the rail of Chinese sports by an American preacher. And since then, the activity has begun its journey in China. Generally speaking, the trip can be separated into five stages.
The first stage lasted from 1895 to 1927, which was called the cycle of enlightenment and promotion. Though Tianjin was its first landing place, lots of other regions had also begun the movement, like the middle of China, the north of China, the east of China and so on. And the basketball movement even had appeared amid all types of sports in National Sports, which had its appearance for three times. However, in this cycle, it was still dominated by the American.
The second stage was the period of autonomic movement. The right of autonomy in sports had been returned to China when the Kuomintang had came into power. The phase of prosperity had fallen onto the Chinese basketball movement when the Anti-Japanese War had ended. Shanghai especially was dynamic in the domain. At this time, we were autonomous in sports. And there were large gathering of men of talents.
In the third phase, Chinese sports had come across a half-closed and self-developing state. Political factor was the one that had affected the situation. This period should be called the golden period of Chinese basketball movement. Various spheres that were connected with the basketball movement had come across their prospering period as well. The development from all arounds had proved the might of China.
The forth period was the pioneering period, lasting from 1974 to 1994. With the function of reform and opening policy, the path of the developing basketball had been broadened. In this stage the athletes had a firm sense of responsibility to revitalize China. However, Chinese basketball activity seemed to lose its direction after a short booming. The implementation of market economy had triggered the the shift of basketball movement. But for the athletes, there was no more responsibility and enterprising spirit. China seemed to lose its power as the 90s did. Although a number of big stars like Yao Ming and Yi Jianlian had entered the NBA and were well exploited by a few advertisers like Nike, the most part of Chinese basketball sphere was gloomy. We ought to make a summary and reflection on the advance of Chinese basketball movement.